LikeCiqikou Ancient Town


simplified Chinese
磁器口
pinyin
cí qì kǒu

kingleoricChongqingAncient TownsAncient Streets

Perhaps most well known for being one of the oldest shopping streets in Chongqing, the ancient city of Ciqikou not only contains a wealth of history but has turned into one of the landmark attractions in Chongqing. Located in Shapingba District, Ciqikou (磁器口) is centrally located and easily accessible through the city’s public transportation system. Ciqikou embodies what old Chongqing was like, and although there are now many new shops and stalls, Ciqikou will not disappoint you.

Chongqing itself has undergone immense change over the years, Ciqikou, however, has remained a kind of microcosm and a symbol of the “Old Chongqing.” Chongqing is now a bustling and modern city, but Ciqikou remains a reminder of what this historic city once looked like, centuries ago. Ciqikou became a protected cultural site in 1998.

BACKGROUND & HISTORY

The name Ciqikou 磁器口 literally means Porcelain Port, a name given to the city during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, because of their production of porcelain. However, the original name of city was not Ciqikou, but Baiyanchang. The city boasts well over a thousand years of history and houses one of the oldest Buddhist temples in Chongqing.

Located on the west bank of the Jialing River running through Chongqing, Ciqikou was a bustling port and its location is considered auspicious because it has perfect Fengshui. There are three mountains in Ciqikou, Jingbi, Fenghuang, and Ma’an. In addition, two springs run through the ancient town, Fenghuang Spring and Qinshui Spring.

Ciqikou Ancient town has gone by a number of different names throughout the ages. During the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Jianwen was usurped and escaped from the emperial palace to become a monk. His arrival at the temple inspired the locals to change the name of their city to Longyin. Long in Chinese means dragon (龙 Lóng) a symbol used to represent the Chinese Emperor. Longyin town really started to prosper during the early years of the Qing Dynasty. Porcelain had become the main industry of the town and its main export. At the height of porcelain production, there were more than 70 porcelain factories in Longyin Town.

Porcelain production was introduced to Longyin Town originally around 300 years ago during the Huguang Repopulation of Sichuan Migration Movement which sought to repopulate what is present-day Sichuan Province after years of war, famine, and natural disasters.

After the founding of the Republic of China, and especially while Chongqing was serving as the Chinese Wartime Capital during WWII, Longyin town had started to prosper. Not only with the production and export of Porcelain, but Longyin Town had also become a distribution center for agricultural products for various provinces and counties along the upper and middle reaches of the Jialing River. Wealthy merchants started opening branch stores and Longyin Town started to expand into producing cotton, clothing, kerosene, salt, and sugar. But porcelain remained the main business of Longyin town, and over time, people started calling the town Ciqikou, or Porcelain Port.

MAIN ATTRACTIONS

Ciqikou remains a representation of Old Chongqing, and as such is home to a vast number of historical and cultural locations.

Photo gallery of Ciqikou Ancient Town

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Ciqikou Ancient Town Map

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